The support for building towers of category constructors is one of the main design features of CAP. Many categories that appear in the various applications can be modeled by towers of multiple category constructors. The category constructor `ReinterpretationOfCategory`

(12.6-1) allows adding one last layer on top which allows expressing the desired (re)interpretation of such a modeling tower. In particular, this category constructor allows specifying the name of the category together with customized methods for the operations

ObjectConstructor

MorphismConstructor

ObjectDatum

MorphismDatum

in order to reflect the desired (re)interpretation with a user-interface that is independent of the modeling tower (see below for details). Note that the same tower might have multiple interpretations.

`R := ReinterpretationOfCategory( cat_n )` |

`cat_n := CategoryConstructor_n( cat_{n-1} )` |

... |

`cat_1 := CategoryConstructor_1( non_categorical_input )` |

The reinterpretation `R`

is isomorphic to the top category `cat_n`

in the tower. In practice, the word tower

stands more generally for a finite poset with a greatest element.

We will show how one can reinterpret a category with the following guiding example: We reinterpret `Opposite( CategoryOfRows( R ) )`

as `CategoryOfColumns( R )`

using `ReinterpretationOfCategory`

(12.6-1) with the options described in the following (see `CategoryOfColumnsAsOppositeOfCategoryOfRows.gi`

in `FreydCategoriesForCAP`

for a full implementation).

Set the options

`category_filter`

,`category_object_filter`

, and`category_morphism_filter`

to the filters corresponding to the data structure of the desired reinterpretation, e.g.`IsCategoryOfColumns`

,`IsCategoryOfColumsObject`

, and`IsCategoryOfColumsMorphism`

.Set

`object_constructor`

,`object_datum`

,`morphism_constructor`

, and`morphism_datum`

to the functions one would write for`ObjectConstructor`

and so on for a primitive implementation of the desired reinterpretation. In our example,`object_constructor`

takes the reinterpretation`R`

(which lies in`IsCategoryOfColumns`

due to the filter set in the first step) and an integer, and returns a CAP object in the category with attribute`RankOfObject`

set to the integer, just like a primitive implementation of`CategoryOfColumns`

would do.Set

`modeling_tower_object_constructor`

,`modeling_tower_object_datum`

,`modeling_tower_morphism_constructor`

, and`modeling_tower_morphism_datum`

:`modeling_tower_object_constructor`

gets the same input as`object_constructor`

but must return the corresponding object in the tower`cat_n`

.`modeling_tower_object_datum`

has the same output as`object_datum`

but gets the reinterpretation`R`

and an object in the tower`cat_n`

as an input. In our example,`modeling_tower_object_constructor`

gets the reinterpretation`R`

and an integer as in step 2 and wraps the integer as a`CategoryOfRowsObject`

and the result as an object in the opposite category.`modeling_tower_object_datum`

gets the reinterpretation`R`

and an object in`Opposite( CategoryOfRows( R ) )`

(that is, an integer boxed as a category of rows object boxed as an object in the opposite category) and returns the underlying integer.`modeling_tower_morphism_constructor`

and`modeling_tower_morphism_datum`

are given analogously.

By composing `modeling_tower_object_datum`

with `object_constructor`

and `modeling_tower_morphism_datum`

with `morphism_constructor`

(with suitable source and range), `ReinterpretationOfCategory`

defines a functor "Reinterpretation" from `cat_n`

to `R`

. Similarly, it defines a functor "Model" from `R`

to `cat_n`

by composing `object_datum`

with `modeling_tower_object_constructor`

and `morphism_datum`

with `modeling_tower_morphism_constructor`

(with suitable source and range). "Reinterpretation" should be an isomorphism of categories with inverse "Model". More precisely, one has to take care of the following things:

Since

`R`

should just be a reinterpretation of`cat_n`

with a nicer data structure, we certainly want "Reinterpretation" to be an equivalence of categories with pseudo-inverse "Model".`ReinterpretationOfCategory`

copies all properties from`cat_n`

to`R`

, including properties like`IsSkeletalCategory`

which are not necessarily preserved by mere equivalences.To fulfill the specification of WithGiven operations, reinterpreting a WithGiven object

`A`

in`cat_n`

as an object in`R`

and taking its model again must give an object equal to`A`

. So we require applying "Reinterpretation" and then "Model" to give the identity. Conversely, let`B_1`

be an object in`R`

. We take its model and reinterpret this again to form an object`B_2`

. By construction of`R`

,`B_1`

and`B_2`

are equal if and only if their models are equal. But since applying "Reinterpretation" and then "Model" gives the identity, taking the model of`B_2`

simply gives an object equal to the model of`B_1`

. Thus, also`B_1`

and`B_2`

are equal. Hence, "Reinterpretation" has to be an equivalence which is a bijection on objects, and hence an isomorphism (although "Model" is not necessarily its inverse). Note: Alternatively, one can make sure that WithGiven operations in`cat_n`

are only called via the corresponding non-WithGiven operation in`cat_n`

. This can be achieved by reinterpreting all operations of`cat_n`

(i.e. creating`R`

with`only_primitive_operations := false`

), disabling redirect functions (i.e. creating`R`

with the option`overhead := false`

) and not calling WithGiven operations of`R`

manually.

Operations in `ReinterpretationOfCategory`

are implemented as follows:

Apply

`object_datum`

and`morphism_datum`

to the input to get the underlying data.Apply

`modeling_tower_object_constructor`

and`modeling_tower_morphism_constructor`

to the underlying data to get objects and morphisms in the tower`cat_n`

.Apply the operation of the tower

`cat_n`

.Apply

`modeling_tower_object_datum`

or`modeling_tower_morphism_datum`

to the result to get the underlying data.Apply

`object_constructor`

or`morphism_constructor`

to the underlying data to get an object or a morphism in the reinterpretation`R`

.

The first two steps define the functor "Model" and the last two steps define the functor "Reinterpretation". "Reinterpretation" on objects and morphisms is called `ReinterpretationOfObject`

and `ReinterpretationOfMorphism`

in the code. "Model" on objects and morphisms is called `ModelingObject`

and `ModelingMorphism`

in the code.

`CompilerForCAP`

The operation of the tower `cat_n`

(step 3 above) usually unboxes objects and morphisms, operates on the underlying data, and boxes the result. The unboxing usually cancels with step 2 above, and boxing the result usually cancels with step 4 above. If one now compiles the operations of the reinterpretation `R`

, only the following steps remain:

Apply

`object_datum`

and`morphism_datum`

to the input to get the underlying data.Operate on the underlying data. (previously part of step 3)

Apply

`object_constructor`

or`morphism_constructor`

to the underlying data to get an object or a morphism in the reinterpretation`R`

. (previously step 5)

This is exactly what a primitive implementation would look like. Thus, in many cases compiling a reinterpretation immediately gives a primitive implementation with no remaining references to the tower `cat_n`

.

`‣ ModelingCategory` ( R ) | ( attribute ) |

Returns: a category

The tower `cat_n`

modeling the reinterpretation `R`.

`‣ ReinterpretationOfCategory` ( category, options ) | ( operation ) |

Returns: a category

Reinterprets a category `category` (the "modeling category") to form a new category `R`

(the "reinterpretation") subject to the options given via `options`, which is a record with the following keys:

`name`

: the name of the reinterpretation`R`

,`category_filter`

,`category_object_filter`

,`category_morphism_filter`

,`object_datum_type`

,`morphism_datum_type`

,`object_constructor`

,`object_datum`

,`morphism_constructor`

,`morphism_datum`

: same meaning as for`CategoryConstructor`

(11.2-1), which is used to create the reinterpretation`R`

,`modeling_tower_object_constructor`

: a function which gets the reinterpretation`R`

and an object datum (in the sense of`object_datum`

) and returns the corresponding modeling object in the modeling category,`modeling_tower_object_datum`

: a function which gets the reinterpretation`R`

and an object in the modeling category and returns the corresponding object datum (in the sense of`object_datum`

),`modeling_tower_morphism_constructor`

: a function which gets the reinterpretation`R`

, a source in the modeling category, a morphism datum (in the sense of`morphism_datum`

), and a range in the modeling category and returns the corresponding modeling morphism in the modeling category,`modeling_tower_morphism_datum`

: a function which gets the reinterpretation`R`

and a morphism in the modeling category and returns the corresponding morphism datum (in the sense of`morphism_datum`

),`only_primitive_operations`

(optional, default`false`

): whether to only reinterpret primitive operations or all operations.

`‣ ReinterpretationFunctor` ( R ) | ( attribute ) |

Returns: a functor

Returns the functor from the modeling category `ModelingCategory`

(`R`) to the reinterpretation `R` which maps each object/morphism to its reinterpretation.

`‣ ModelingObject` ( R, obj ) | ( operation ) |

Returns: a CAP category object

Returns the object in `ModelingCategory`

(`R`) modeling the object `obj` in the reinterpretation `R`.

`‣ ReinterpretationOfObject` ( R, obj ) | ( operation ) |

Returns: a CAP category object

Returns the reinterpretation in `R`

of an object `obj` in `ModelingCategory`

(`R`).

`‣ ModelingMorphism` ( R, mor ) | ( operation ) |

Returns: a CAP category morphism

Returns the morphism in `ModelingCategory`

(`R`) modeling the morphism `mor` in the reinterpretation `R`.

`‣ ReinterpretationOfMorphism` ( R, source, obj, range ) | ( operation ) |

Returns: a CAP category morphism

Returns the reinterpretation in `R`

with given source and range of a morphism `mor` in `ModelingCategory`

(`R`).

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